In a continuation of her promise to target the underpayment of workers in the hospitality industry, the Fair Work Ombudsman has secured a total of $232,545 in penalties in court against the company that operates Barry Caf\u00e9 in the Melbourne suburb of Northcote. Barry Caf\u00e9 and two of its directors were found to have deliberately underpaid 73 staff members more than $180,000. The Federal Circuit Court penalised siblings Stavros and Anastasia Petroulias $33,919 and $29,030 respectively, and imposed a $169,596 penalty against a company they part-own and operate, Malevi Pty Ltd. Rectify underpayments in full In addition, the Court ordered the company, Mr Petroulias and Ms Petroulias to rectify the underpayments in full. To date, workers have been only partially back-paid. In total, 73 employees were underpaid $180,641 over a 12-month period between April 2017 and April 2018, with underpayments of individual workers ranged from $31 to $12,315. Most of the underpayments related to a failure to pay employees the penalty rates and casual loadings they were entitled to under the Restaurant Industry Award 2010, with minimum wage rates also underpaid for some employees. Penalised workers who complained The Court found that the company, Mr Petroulias and Ms Petroulias (from August 2017 onwards) were aware that they were not meeting their obligations under the Award \u2013 but deliberately contravened workplace laws and exploited staff, including many young and migrant workers, by paying flat rates of $18 to $25 an hour. It found they also deliberately contravened adverse action laws by not offering further shifts to an employee who challenged his unlawfully low rates \u2013 and then continued to underpay other employees. Record-keeping laws were also breached. Fair Work Ombudsman Sandra Parker said employers need to be aware that improving compliance in the fast food, restaurant and caf\u00e9 sector continues to be a priority. Employers are now on notice \u201cEmployers are on notice that they must pay all workers according to Australia\u2019s lawful minimum pay rates or risk significant financial penalties. We prioritise matters involving vulnerable workers, especially if we think employers are deliberately breaking the law,\u201d Parker said. \u201cWe also treat very seriously instances of employers taking any sort of action against an employee in response to them seeking to have their lawful workplace rights respected.\u201d Judge Riley said the exploitation of vulnerable workers was an aggravating feature of the matter and Malevi Pty Ltd, Mr Petroulias and Ms Petroulias had failed to display genuine contrition. \u201cI do not accept that the respondents are genuinely contrite. Rather, I consider that they are very sorry that they have been caught, and are facing a substantial penalty,\u201d Judge Riley said.