Custom software development trends that are worth focusing on
Digital revolution, Internet of Things, e-commerce, intelligent business models, virtual money, online services, and remote work– all these concepts have already become a part of our life and a symbol of the digital transformation. No serious commercial project can do without the production of custom software development in the form of web services, mobile apps, or classic desktop programs.
Artificial intelligence will penetrate into everyday life
In 2020, there will be new ways of AI implementation in the development of business apps. Now, Google and Facebook are the main players in the industry. TensorFlow developed by Google has become the most demanded deep learning library. It has a strong competitor- PyTorch library, by Facebook.
Neural network manufacturers will continue to create the so-called model of “neural network zoos”, which allow you to make a commercial application using AI based on a ready-made solution. The development of this industry will lead to the maximum automation of the communications between the customers and the business. Simple chatbots will give way to AI chatbots with voice menu support.
According to the forecasts of the research company IDC, by 2025, 90% of the new corporate applications will use Al. Neural networks will conquer not only business but also other spheres of life.
Python’s popularity will continue to grow
Python confidently conquers the world. Programming language ranking service “TIOBE” rated it as the third most popular language after Java and C. C# and Shell also improved their positions, and the high dynamics of the participants’ growth was observed for Dart and Rust languages. Such communities as Rust, Kotlin, and TypeScript are growing fast.
There will be more integrations between the projects
2020 clearly showed that the programs are created by the united forces. Finding teams for projects around the world becomes easier. Collaboration approaches are updating quickly. Millions of repositories depend on a number of in-demand open-source projects. Most IT projects are no longer isolated. As a rule, each new project is integrated and associated with many existing projects. At the same time, integrations become more technically complicated. The program development includes not only the ability to write code but also the ability to negotiate with the owners of the other projects.
In 2020, the number of gadgets supporting VR, AR, and MR increased, including thanks to the release of more powerful smartphones: the emergence of the new processors, folding screens, strong sensors, and 5G support. Moreover, in the coming years, a new category of AR products will enter the market – namely, holographic screens.
VR/MR/AR will start to be increasingly used in the industry, healthcare, manufacturing, and education. The business will solve specific tasks via the technologies of augmented and mixed reality.
Billions of devices will be connected to the Internet of Things (IoT)
In the future, every device, item of clothing (and maybe even food) will have an IP-v6 address and communicate with each other, believes Sebastian Thrun, the Professor of Computer Science at Stanford University. IoT industry keeps growing actively due to the development of cloud technologies and the connection of an increasing number of gadgets to the Internet. According to IDC, in 2017, the global investment in the IoT solutions exceeded $800 billion, and by 2021, it will rise to about $1.4 trillion.
According to the research, 85% of organizations in the world own at least one business project in this area. By 2021, the number of projects in the world IoT market will grow to 94%.
New types of cyber threats will appear
Hackers will attack government networks more often. Criminals usually target the small organizations that don’t have a powerful cyber defense but store valuable data (access to the government registries, databases, etc.)
Cloud solutions are targeted by hackers. As services evolve, they are increasingly attacked by threats. Users automatically trust most decisions of large companies, such as Google, which creates the risk of suffering from the actions of fraudsters.
5G networks are being attacked. Researchers predict that by 2025, the volume of the 5G market will triple. Next-generation networks conquer the world. The new solutions require special security tools.
AI methods are currently used to create viruses. Open access to the standardized libraries and tagged data sets will allow hackers to use AI methods when creating viruses.
According to the experts, by 2022, about 1/3 of cyberattacks, which use artificial intelligence, will infect the training mode data, steal AI models or use the adversarial samples to attack Al systems.
Hackers will crack the corporate and personal IoT devices. With the development of the Internet of Things, systems connected to the Internet will control different scales’ physical objects, including nuclear plants. If the hackers crack them, they will be able to turn them off or use them for DDoS attacks. The break into the “smart cities” is fraught with data theft and network overload because of increased electricity consumption.
Analysts believe that by 2023, more than half of ICT expenditures will be used for digital transformation. To keep pace with the major market participants, IT companies have to master the latest technologies, including AI, VR, AR, MR, Internet of Things, and the developing programming languages.
The relationship between outsourcing companies and business will be focused on improving the service quality and the value of commercial offers rather than the price reduction. The clients will be able to put together the teams for the projects with the developers from different countries.
Competition in the IT market will only increase. Apart from the quality of products, IT companies’ rating will reflect the specialisation, customer focus, willingness to share risks with the partners, and the reliability of data protection from cyber threats.