Puglia: the heel of Italy and region of untold secrets

Puglia: the heel of Italy and region of untold secrets

Puglia, or Apulia, is on the heel of Italy’s boot. Relatively ignored by foreign tourists, the region is full of southern ebullience, tradition and hidden gems.

Italians go to Puglia for the sea, sun and beaches. And they come for the seriously gourmand cuisine fished from the local waters and the fruit and veg harvested from the fertile fields. And, of course, the fine wines.

They also come to see handsome towns with intricately carved stonework, mysterious white hilltop villages, the curious conical ‘trullies’ (below) in the fields, the ancient cave houses known as ‘sassi’.


Grand designs

Puglia’s architecture has been shaped by invaders, from the Greeks and Romans, to Normans, Saracens, Bourbons, Swabians, Spanish, Byzantine.

Lecce (below), described as the ‘Florence of the South’ is a Baroque fantasy, a breath-takingly beautiful classical Italian town with its elaborate Santa Croce basilica, Piazza Sant’Oronzo promenade, Roman amphitheatre and arches.


The capital, Bari, has a medieval old town with a tangle of narrow streets, lopsided buildings and artisan front-rooms where you can see ladies making orecchiette, ear-shaped pasta, by hand.

Harbour towns to die for

There are several gorgeous Adriatic ports like Otranto at the tip of the heel or Vieste (top image) on the mountainous promontory ‘spur’, with their golden beaches and dramatic white tufo (limestone) rock formations.

Trani (below), once an ancient trading hub, is a delightfully eccentric port with its white cathedral perched on the seawall, where boats bob on the glistening water while you eat ices and drink unfamiliar glasses of something cool on the piazza. The Adriatic coast is dotted with absurdly picturesque little harbour towns like Trani.


As you wind through pretty country roads lined with yellow acacias, you’ll pass silver olive groves (Puglian olive oil is arguably the best in of all Italy and Puglia provides about 40 per cent of the nation’s exported oil) and vineyards dotted with trullies.

So, what are trullies?

Trullies, small drystone circular storehouses with a point rooves, are unique to Puglia.

They were constructed by farmers in their fields to keep their equipment dry and stock protected from roving highwaymen. Built without mortar, they could be speedily dismantled when the tax man, who levied on buildings, came around.

Alberobello (below) is a famous, completely restored trulli village. It looks like bit like a Hobbit town.


Be sassi

Close by is the ‘sassi’ village of Matera (below), where troglodytes settled in Palaeolithic times and made their homes in caves.

Rising dramatically from a ravine, it could almost be Biblical – not for nothing did Mel Gibson film The Passion of the Christ here. The local authorities rehoused families in the fifties but some are now restored and in use as restaurants and hotels.


More stately is the graceful citta bianche (white town) of Martina Franca, with its  narrow shuttered streets leading off ornate squares. Nearby is Ostuni (below), founded in the first century, is also all elegant porticos and loggias.


Time to go

Until relatively recently the region of Puglia has been comparatively isolated.

Although now enjoying a cultural renaissance, it remains a place with many untold secrets. At times you feel you’ve been transported back in time, drinking espresso in a village that appears to be untouched or walking across wild land that still seems unexplored.

Go before Puglia becomes the new Tuscany!

TOP IMAGE: Vieste, one of Puglia’s numerous picturesque port towns (Via Pixabay)


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